With about 80% of the urban population and continuous growth, Latin America is the continent with the highest rate of urban population and one of the largest rates of urbanization in the developing regions, the result is the consolidation of megacities that are both promise and the obstacle for the sustainable development of countries in the future decades. The infrastructure systems, in many cases in the edge of collapse, have to meet the demand of the growing population. The transport system is one of the most critical as a result of multiple causes, including a lack of planning, low levels of investment in infrastructure, and also failures of Government and market in the implementation and management of strategies. In this Lab we analyze the data of the Observatory of Urban Mobility of the Andean Corporation of Development to understand how systems of transport and mobility of 15 large Latin American cities face an increasing demand, which are their strengths, their problems and major challenges.
The first infograph (Figure 1) compares graphically different variables geographical and transportation and mobility helping enhance the differences between them: how you travel, which are the holdings of the systems, data on personal spending and the externalities. In the second infograph (Figure 2), we elaborate 10 simple indicators that take into account good part of the spectrum of urban sustainability and show what so close to the targets is every one of them.
Figure 1. Infographs with identification of the cities, how you travel, what are the holdings of the systems of transportation and mobility, data on personal expenses and externalities for 15 cities. Select the options in the drop-down menus to see charts comparing cities.
The 10 indicators that follow propose a first evaluation of the level of sustainability of transport and mobility in cities, measuring values such as economic sustainability, affordability, road safety, climate change, equity and the impact on quality of life, impact of the emissions on health, among others.
Figure 2. Infograph with 10 indicators on the sustainability of transport and mobility in the cities, such as economic sustainability, afordability, equity and impact in the quality of life of the citizens. Select the indicator and look how are sorted and compared the cities of the region.
Beyond the characteristics in common that have cities in Latin America, the differences between them are notorious. Transport systems are no exception. They structure the city, but they are also conditioned by the present and the past of the city they serve. For example, the cities of Mexico, Buenos Aires and Sao Paulo lead in number of gas emissions greenhouse, at the same time they are three cases with high levels of subsidies that are located between the least sustainable economically (they have incomes far below the costs of maintenance and improvement of its systems). However while Buenos Aires and Mexico are among the cities with cheaper public transport costs, Sao Paulo is the third most expensive. The use of infographics of this Lab allows you to explore the diversity of the cities in the region and also draw some conclusions about their challenges in terms of transport and mobility.
In BerecoLabs we are interested in the use quantitative indicators to understand cities, their infrastructure and their transport and mobility systems, and to be able to think about new approaches and proposals for better performance and development.